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英语百科 | 你知道秋分用英语怎么说吗?

2019-09-24 13:58:28 来源:启达教育网

The traditional Chinese lunar calendar divides the year into 24 solar terms.Autumn Equinox, the 16th solar term of the year, begins this year on Sept 23 and ends on Oct 8.

中国传统农历将一年分为24个节气。秋分,是二十四节气中的第十六个节气,今年的秋分节气始于9月23日,止于10月8日。

Autumn Equinox lies at the midpoint of autumn, dividing autumn into two equal parts. After that day, the location of direct sunlight moves to the south, making days shorter and nights longer in the northern hemisphere.

秋分这天,正在秋季的中间,将秋天分成了两半。秋分之后,阳光直射位置继续南移,北半球昼短夜长。

秋 分 习 俗

As it is said in the ancient book, The Detailed Records of the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC), "It is on the Autumn Equinox day that the Yin and Yang are in a balance of power. Thus the day and night are of equal length, and so are the cold and hot weather."

据古书《春秋繁露》(公元前770到476年)记载:秋分者,阴阳相伴也,故昼夜均而寒暑平。

Since the Autumn Equinox, most of the areas in China have entered the cool autumn. When the cold air southward meets the declining warm and wet air,precipitationis the result. The temperature also drops frequently.

秋分以后,中国大部地区进入凉秋。南下的冷空气与逐渐衰减的暖湿空气相遇,产生降雨。气温也频频下降。

1

蟹肥美

Season for eating crab

In this season, crab is delicious. It helps nourish the marrow and clear the heat inside the body.

秋分时节,正是螃黄肥美之时。吃螃蟹可补骨添髓,清热解毒。

1

吃秋菜

Eating Qiucai

In South China, there is a custom popularly known as "having Qiucai (autumn vegetable) on the Autumn Equinox day". Qiucai is a kind of wild amaranth. Every Autumn Equinox day, all the villagers go to pick Qiucai in the wild. Qiucai isverdantin the field, thin, and about 20 cm in length.

中国南方,逢秋分有“吃秋菜”的习俗。秋菜是一种野苋菜。每到秋分这天,全村人都去野外采摘秋菜,这时田野里的青菜碧绿纤瘦,约20公分高。

Qiucai is taken back and made into soup with fish, named "Qiutang" (autumn soup). There is a verse about the soup: "Drink the soup to clear the liver and intestines, thus the whole family will be safe and healthy".

秋菜采回家,与鱼片煮汤,名曰:秋汤。关于秋汤,还有一首打油诗:秋汤灌脏,洗涤肝肠。阖家老少,平安健康。

1

作物熟

Season for eating various plants

In the Autumn Equinox time, olives, pears, papaya, chestnut, bean, and other plants enter their phase of maturation. It is time to pick and eat them.

秋分时节,橄榄、香梨、木瓜、栗子、大豆等食物相继进入成熟期。正是采摘品尝之际。

1

品桂香

Season for enjoying osmanthus

The Autumn Equinox is the time for smelling the fragrance of osmanthug. At this time, it is hot in the day and cool in the night in South China, so people have to wear a single layer when it is hot, and lined clothing when it is cool. This period is named "Guihuazheng" in Chinese, which means osmanthus mugginess.

秋分,桂花飘香,闻芳美时。这个时候的南方,日暖夜凉,因此白天穿单衣,晚间就得加件衣裳。这个时期,也谓之为“桂花蒸”,意为桂花绽放之时,出现的闷热天气。

1

赏菊花

Season for enjoying chrysanthemums

It is also a good season to enjoychrysanthemumsin full blossom around Autumn Equinox.

秋分前后,正是菊花盛放时,赏菊品香好时节。

1

竖鸡蛋

Standing eggs on end

On Autumn Equinox day, there are thousands of people in the world trying to make eggs stand on end. This Chinese custom has become the world’s game.

秋分这天,世界各地成千上万的人在做竖蛋试验。这种中国习俗已成为世界游戏。

According to experts, on the Spring Equinox and Autumn Equinox, the day and night are of equal time both in the southern and northern hemispheres. The earth’s axis, on its 66.5 degree tilt, is in a relative balance of power with the earth’s orbit around the sun. Thus it is a very conducive time for standing eggs on end.

据专家介绍,春分、秋分当日,南、北半球日夜均等。呈66.5度倾斜的地轴与地球日公转的轨道平面处于一种力的相对平衡状态,因此,有助于鸡蛋竖立起来。

But some also say that standing the egg has nothing to do with the time. The most important thing is to shift the egg‘s center of gravity to the lowest part of the egg. In this way, the trick is holding the egg until the yolk sinks as much as possible. For this, you’re better off choosing an egg that’s about 4 or 5 days old, whoseyolkis inclined to sink down.

但也有人认为能否竖蛋与秋分无关。最关键的是要把鸡蛋重心下移。如此一来,只有蛋黄尽可能下沉,才能完成这个恶作剧了。竖蛋时候,最好选择刚出生4、5天的鸡蛋,这样的鸡蛋蛋黄下沉,重心下降,更有利于竖蛋的成功。

1

祭秋月

Sacrificing to the moon

Originally, the festival of sacrificing to the moon was set on the Autumnal Equinox day. According to historical records, as early as the Zhou Dynasty (c.11th century-256BC), the ancient kings by custom sacrificed to the sun on the Spring Equinox, and to the moon on the Autumn Equinox.

原本祭月节是设定在秋分这天的。据史实记载,早在周朝(公元前11世纪至256年),古代君王便依照习俗于春分祭日,秋分祭月。

But since it is not a fixed day in lunar August, there might be no full moon on the Autumnal Equinox. During the festival, if there was no moon to make sacrifices to, it would spoil the fun. Thus, the day was changed to the Mid-Autumn Day.

但因每年农历八月,这一天并不固定,秋分当日并不一定都出现圆月,而祭月若无月,则大煞风景,故而,将祭月节由秋分改为中秋举行。

二十四节气英语表达方式

说到最后,秋分的译文到底是什么呢?

Autumn Equinox · 秋分

知道了秋分的说法

有没有好奇其他二十四节气

又都是怎么说的呢?

别急,随小达老师一起来看看吧

二十四节气英语表达方式

春雨惊春清谷天,夏满芒夏暑相连。

秋处露秋寒霜降,冬雪雪冬小大寒。

每月两节不变更,最多相差一两天。

上半年逢六廿一,下半年逢八廿三。

立春 Spring begins

立是开始的意思,立春就是春季的开始

雨水 The rains

降雨开始,雨量渐增。

惊蛰 Insects awaken

蛰是藏的意思,惊蛰是指春雷乍动,惊醒了蛰伏在土中冬眠的动物。

春分 Vernal Equinox

分是平分的意思,春分表示昼夜平分。

(其实 Spring Equinox 这种表达方式

也没有问题的,但译者还是多数

采用 Vernal Equinox这种说法

清明 Clear and bright

天气晴朗,草木繁茂。

谷雨 Grain rain

雨生百谷,雨量充足而及时,谷类作物能茁壮成长。

立夏 Summer begins

夏季的开始

小满 Grain buds

麦类等夏熟作物籽粒开始饱满。

芒种 Grain in ear

麦类等有芒作物成熟。

夏至 Summer solstice

炎热的夏天来临,太阳到了北边太阳能到的最及至的地方(北回归线)

小暑 Slight heat

暑是炎热的意思,小暑就是气候开始炎热。

大暑 Great heat

一年中最热的时候。

立秋 Autumn begins

秋季的开始。

处暑 Stopping the heat

处是终止、躲藏的意思。处暑是表示炎热的暑天结束。

白露 White dews

天气转凉,露凝而白。

秋分 Autumn Equinox

昼夜平分。

寒露 Cold dews

露水已寒,将要结冰。

霜降 Hoar-frost falls

天气渐冷,开始有霜。

立冬 Winter begins

冬季的开始。

小雪 Light snow

开始下雪。

大雪 Heavy snow

降雪量增多,地面可能积雪。

冬至 Winter Solstice

冬季的开始。

小寒 Slight cold

气候开始寒冷。

大寒 Great cold

一年中最冷的时候

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